Over the years successful teams have used a variety of tactics and styles. The popularity of some roles in the field is often affected by trends in global football. Defensive midfielders or central defensive midfielders (CDM) is one of those roles. In today’s football, defensive midfielders are key players in most teams. In this post we discuss some of the characteristics you must have to be a defensive midfielder.
It is a given that every player in the team should be fit to play. However, defensive midfielders are usually the players with the hardest work rate in the field. Good defensive midfielder work tirelessly, chasing down every ball sideline to sideline. They are in charge of breaking opposition attacks before they reach the defensive line.
A defensive midfield is involved in most passages of the game. They defend, but they also distribute the ball to other midfielders and make supporting runs to help transitioning into attack. Therefore, defensive midfielders are fitter than everyone else and have to give 100% for 90 minutes or more.
As the role titles implies, a good defensive midfielder must have defensive skills. They pressure opponents, make sliding and standing tackles, and intercept passes when they are made. In summary, they become an extra defender when the play requires it.
Javier Macherano is a clear example of this. Macherano played a classic defensive midfielder position for Argentina and center back for Barcelona.
Good defenders hardly ever make a standing tackle. The same goes for defensive midfielders. They can only achieve this by having a strong ability to read the game. Defensive midfielders anticipate their opponent’s next move in order to stop attacks before they develop.
Positioning is not only required in order to defend. Defensive midfielder also need to be at the right place to provide passing opportunities to their defense and midfield to transition into attack.
A defensive midfielder has to pass crisply and accurately. They are the link between the defense and the midfield, in some scenarios they even pass the ball into space for the forwards to run onto.
When recovering the ball from an attack, very often they have to pass the ball back to the defense to reorganize the team. A bad pass in this scenario can be fatal, it can provide a direct shoot to goal for an opposition striker. If lucky, the opposition striker still has one defender to dribble. Whatever the scenario, a bad pass to the defense leaves the team in a dangerous situation.
Passing has to be accurate also when transitioning into attack. Often a defensive midfielder sits behind the midfield, while the opposition forwards and attacking midfielders are close by and ready to intercept passes. A lost ball when transitioning into attack becomes a direct attack from the opposition.
Because of the scenarios described. The defensive midfielders passing rate has to be high. They are often masters 1 & 2 touch football and keep the flow of the game simple.
Defensive midfielders are constantly organizing their defense and midfield. They are often loud, borderline obnoxious to rivals and even team mates. They are the commanding voice in the locker room. Often demanding things from their coaches and the board of the club in behalf of the team. Perhaps, one of the reason for this is that they are usually smart people and, as said before, read and understand the game better than most players.
This characteristic is why so many defensive midfielders are named team captains and often become team managers when they retire. Legends of the game like Lothar Matthäus and Didier Deschamps are two clear examples of this. Both players lead their teams to win World Cups and are now managers. Pep Guardiola is another legendary defensive midfielder that is now a very successful coach.
If you are thinking on becoming a defensive midfielder or you are coaching a team, keep in mind the above characteristic. A defensive midfielder needs the perfect balance of all of them. For example, choosing the fittest player to be a defensive midfielder only because their work rate is high may be pointless if their passing is below average.
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