Football warm up drills – Simple exercises to avoid injuries
by Pablo M10th Oct 2019
Being on the pitch is more fun than being off the pitch. If you are serious about playing football, you must warm up before training sessions and games. This is specially important the colder the weather is and the older you are. The football warm up drills detailed in this post are proven to reduce the risk of all type of injuries by 30%, and severe injuries by 50%. It only take 15 minutes to complete.
Why it is important to warm up?
Most people that just kick a ball around with friends never warm up. Even teams playing in amateur leagues don’t do it. Eventually, they pay the price. Torn calf muscles, strained hamstring and more are the result of not warming up properly.
I suffered the consequences of ignoring this advice. As a youngster, never bother warming up properly, until I damaged both calf muscles in the same season. It affected my performance since then. Nowadays, sometimes I have to ask to be substituted because I can feel the strain in my calf muscles building up.
Warming up increases body temperature, which reduces the chance for muscle and tendon injuries. It also increases the blood flow to the muscles to be exercised, which delivers the fuels required for energy production. Another important reason for warming up is to prepare the cardiovascular system for upcoming intense physical activity. It helps the body adjust for the increase for blood and oxygen that it is about to happen.
The following paragraphs describe football wam up drills created by a panel of experts in conjunction with FIFA. These exercises were designed to reduce the risk of injury in football.
You only need 6 pairs of parallel cones, approximately 5-6 metres apart from each other. Split into two groups with two players starting at the first pair of cones and working their way along the cones performing the various exercises.
The full programme is actually composed of 15 drills divided in 3 parts and different levels of intensity. Part 1 and Part 3 focus on running, while Part 2 covers strengthening. In my experience, most amateur teams (aka, friends that decided to form a team) will get bored quickly if all parts are included in a training session. Therefore, start with Part 1 and incorporate the other sections as your team gets fitter and players are keen to do a more comprehensive warmup. Our team only uses Part 1 and then we complete warming-up with ball exercises (e.g.: rondos).
In this post we focus only on Level 1 – Part1 and Part 3.
Jogging straight ahead: Jog to the end of the cones and back with good form. Concentrate on keeping your hips, knees and feet aligned and your upper body straight. Make sure you’re not shuffling your feet and keep hands out of pockets. Perform this exercise twice.
Hip out: Jog to the first cone then lift your knee out in front of you to hip level rotate the knee to the side while keeping your body facing straight ahead and then place on the ground. Control the movement by switching on your core muscles. Alternate legs at each cone and then jog back to the start. Perform the exercise twice.
Hip in: Jog to the first cone. Lift your knee out to 90 degrees beside you and rotate inwards. Control the movement by switching on the core to place your foot back on the ground. Make sure you keep your body facing straight ahead. Alternate legs at each cone and then jog back. Perform the exercise twice.
Circling partner: Jog with your partner to the first cone and then side shuffle towards your partner. Perform a nice tight circle around your partner then side shuffle back to your cone. Bend at the hips and knees slightly so your glutes have switched on. Make sure your body is facing forwards keeping your weight centered. Try to match the intensity of a game movement. Make sure to communicate to your partner if you go into circle in front or behind. Repeat the exercise to the end of the cones and then jog back. Perform the exercise twice.
Shoulder contact: Jog to the first cone. Then inside shuffle and towards your partner and jump together aiming for height bump shoulders gently. Try to land softly with feet shoulder-width apart and knees in line with toes ever slight. Pause on landing to check your form and then side shuffle back to your cone. This exercise is good for developing proprioception and neuromuscular control. Repeat the exercise to the end of the cones and then jog back. Swap sides and then repeat the exercise.
Quick forwards and back: We are now starting to build the intensity. Run quickly to the second cone then quickly change direction and backpedal one cone. Keep your body facing forwards and try to use your peripheral vision to see the cone behind rather than turning your head. Make sure heels are lifted when backpedaling and keep your hips, knees and feet in line. Repeat two forwards cones and then back to the last cone. Jog back and repeat the exercise.
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Part 3 is running at a higher intensity to raise the heart rate and prime the body so it’s ready for training or a game.
Sum maximal effort sprint: Run the distance of the cones at around eighty percent of maximal effort thinking about form over speed. Use your arms to help drive the movement while keeping the upper body straight and your chest up. Jog back to the start at an easy pace and then launch straight intoyour next drill.
Bounding: Take a few warm-up steps swinging your arms through with the opposite leg and then perform six to eight bounding leaps with a high knee leap driving movement. Aim for height and distance driving off the ground at a 45-degree angle. Make sure the knees stay in line with toes on landing and do not buckle inwards. Bound until the end of the cone and then jog back. Perform the exercise twice
Plant and cut: Run diagonally to the first cone. Using your outside foot plant and then change direction by driving off your grounded foot. Perform the planting and cutting movements to the end of the cones and then jog back. Try not to let your knees buckle inwards. Do a slight pause on each cone on the first time through and then aim to perform the exercise faster on the second run.
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